Embellished wood – a form of artistic works on woods revolve around wood carving and wood engraving. In Wood carving, we perform by means of a chisel/mallet on one hand or a knife (cutting tool) in other hand. Wooden carving results in a wooden sculpture or in the ornamentation of a wooden object. Wooden objects can be furniture, jewelry boxes and sometimes even utensils. Embellished wood, on the other hand, is a letterpress printing and printmaking technique form. In this, an artist works an image or a different number of images into a wood block. Etching is an ordinary engraving form which uses a metal plate for printing. For the printing, they use the intaglio method. In this, the ink fills the valleys which are nothing but the removed areas. So, the wood engravings deteriorate less quickly when compared to copper-plate engravings. The type of woods used range from rosewood, sandal wood and teak woods.
Origin of Embellished wood
Artistic works on wood began as a craft in temples and palaces. The work also flourished alongside sculptures and architecture. The type of wood used for carving or engraving depends on the region and wood is available. As the time passed origin of the different type of centers for wooden embellishment evolved.
Almost each and every piece had a distinctive taste to it. The origin of wooden craft dates back to 19th century. The inspiration for wooden embellishment comes from Kashmiri designs. We see the inspiration in the wooden carving and embellishment from contemporary products of people of Kashmir as many of the craftsmen are now engaged in wooden embellishment transforming their skills of designs on wooden products. In 1882, first wooden carving unit was set up by Atta Hussain. He was an immigrant from Multan.
Most of north India has a tradition of wooden embellishment be it wooden carved doors, windows or furniture. Assam has extensive forests; their places of worship include mythical figures carvings. In Kashmir production of many wooden embellished products like furniture, screens, bowls, boxes etc. takes place. All these are mostly prepared from walnut trees. Karnataka is specialized in wooden jewelry box production from sandalwood. For the production of these boxes, they use Srigandha which is a variety of sandalwood. Large boxes which have mythological scenes are major products of Kumta, Sagar, and Mysore. Andhra Pradesh is famous for its religious woodcarvings. In the religious pilgrims, The Tirupati red dolls are meant for selling. Kondalpalli is a small village which is famous for its wooden toys made of Punki wood.
Https :// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Wood_carving
https :// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Wood_engraving
https :// www.craftscouncilofindia.org/ craft-process/ wood-carving/